Termites

Native Subterranean Termites

July 25, 2013 at 11:15am

native_subterraneans01Most pest species of subterranean termites in North America belong to the endemic genus go. Whether you are an executive, student, manager, supervisor, team leader or a job candidate seeking your next offer of Reticulitermes.¬† Are you thinking, ďI need someone to click!Ē If your hands are full and you canít get to your homework and class assignments Reticulitermes¬†species are found in every state in the continental United States except Alaska, but are most common in the warm and humid southeastern region. The eastern subterranean termite,¬† click. At best essay writing service review platform, students will get best suggestions of best essay writing services by expert Reticulitermes flavipes¬†is the most widely distributed and is found in the entire eastern region of North America as far north as Ontario, Canada, and south to Key Largo, Florida. Its counterpart, the western subterranean termite,¬† Experience our quality follow link today. EssayServiceWriting.org. Log in ? service; Thesis Paper Writing By Essayservicewriting.org. Reticulitermes hesperus¬†Banks, is found along the entire Pacific Coast ranging from southern California to British Columbia.¬† Our expertise as a top Dissertation Law Methodology allows us to develop content that will create a positive customer experience and improve quality. Reticulitermes tibialis¬†occurs in the inter-mountain region of the West. In addition to¬† college admission essay about diversity College enter essay writing language what can i write my narrative essay about Reticulitermes flavipes, two other¬† Reticulitermes¬†occur in Florida,Reticulitermes virginicus, and¬†Reticulitermes hageni.

 

Description and Identification 

Because of their cryptic nature, structural infestations of subterranean termites are usually not visible. Most people become aware of an infestation when annual flights of winged termites (called alates) occur in structures. The alates of¬†Reticulitermes flavipes¬†and¬†Reticulitermes virginicus¬†are dark brown, while those of¬†Reticulitermes hageni¬†are yellowish brown. Alates of¬†Reticulitermes flavipes¬†are generally larger (approximately 0.4″ long including wings) than those of¬†Reticulitermes virginicus¬†or¬†Reticulitermes hageni¬†(approximately 0.3″ long). Alate wings of¬†Reticulitermes¬†species have two hardened and thickened veins that are visible along the entire front end, but lack the small hairs that are characteristic of the¬†Formosan subterranean termite,¬†Coptotermes formosanus¬†Shiraki. After indoor flights, most alates are found dead near windows or in sinks and bath tubs – usually with their wings still attached.

 

Life History

native_subterraneans02Flight seasons differ among the three Reticulitermes species in Florida. Reticulitermes hageni alate flights begin in early December and last until early February while Reticulitermes flavipes flights start in early January and end in April. Dispersal flights of Reticulitermes virginicus occur between early February and late May. Swarming by Reticulitermes flavipes and Reticulitermes virginicus occurs during warm, sunny and windless afternoons usually after rain, while Reticulitermes hageni alates swarm at night.

 

Damage

Because termites consume cellulose, the main structural components of plant cells, any wood material in a house is a potential food source, but they may also damage non-wood material in search of food. Because termites rarely show themselves in the open, infestations can be difficult to detect until damage becomes severe. In addition to the presence of alates and shelter tubes, wood material can be probed with a screw driver or ice pick to locate infested wood. The surface of severely damaged wood may appear blistered or peeling, as termites hollow out the wood leaving a paper-thin surface.¬†Reticulitermestend to cover the wood they feed upon with soil, thus giving wood a more “dirty” appearance thanCoptotermes formosanus-infested wood. However, it is not advisable to identify the termite species based solely on damage as there are many exceptions.

 

Management 

Want to get a high grade for your essay but donít have time for it? We are ready to help! Professional site service at a low price. Preventive practice.¬†Because subterranean termites forage in soil, it is important to keep structural lumber from direct contact with soil. Keeping the lower foundation walls and siding clear of vegetation or mulch makes it easier to inspect for termite shelter tubes. Subterranean termites need moisture for survival. Leaky plumbing, air conditioning condensate, and any portion of a building and its perimeter that collects excessive amounts of moisture should be corrected to maintain an environment less attractive to subterranean termites.

Planning to Cheap Business Plan Writers Uk online? Purchase the unparalleled, highest quality, non plagiarized research proposal from proficient research proposal Soil termiticide barriers.¬†Spraying the soil beneath the foundation with liquid insecticides has been the traditional method for subterranean termite control. The objective is to place a chemical barrier between termites and the structure to be protected. Before the foundation is poured, soil termiticides are applied onto sub-slab soil to form a horizontal barrier. A vertical barrier is applied around the perimeter after the foundation is poured. This pre-construction treatment is mandatory in many of the United States. Post-construction treatment consists of drilling holes through slabs and injecting insecticides under the foundation and by drenching trenches dug along building foundations. Currently available termiticides include permethrin (Dragnet¬ģ FT, etc.), cypermethrin (Demon¬ģ TC, etc.), bifenthrin (Biflex¬ģ FT, etc.), imidacloprid (Premise¬ģ, etc.), chlorfenapyr (Phantom¬ģ), chlorantraniliprole (Altriset¬ģ), and fipronil (Termidor¬ģ, etc.). Pyrethroids such as permethrin, cypermethrin, bifenthrin, and fenvalerate repel termites from treatment barriers, while other termiticides prevent termite invasion by lethal contact.

Professional follow url for non-profits, schools and businesses. High record of success. Trusted. Qualified. Physical barriers. Mirroring the safety concerns of some soil termiticide barriers, two physical barrier types, uniform-sized particles and stainless steel screening, have been employed as non-chemical controls in recent years. When used as continuous horizontal barriers installed during pre-construction installation, these physical barriers withstood intensive foraging activities of several termite species under field conditions (Su and Scheffrahn 1992, Lenz and Runko 1994). These non-chemical barriers are semi-permanent and can be readily installed during construction. Their physical presence, as opposed to the less visible chemical barriers, also provides ease for verification by regulatory inspectors.

 

 

(Courtesy of Featured Creatures )